Production and sale of vine variety Chardonnay
White wine grape variety Chardonnay
Chardonnay is a white wine grape variety originating in the regions of Burgundy and Champagne, France. Chardonnay is widespread in Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Slovenia, Moldova, Georgia, England, India, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, South Africa, etc. In Bulgaria regionated, grown mainly in Northeastern Bulgaria, Middleforest, Plovdiv and near the variety has several branch variations: some mutations have a musky tone and are called “Chardonnay musk” and mutation “Chardonnay Rose ‘has pink colored grape variety zarna.Ranen: grapes ripen in late August. There are moderately vigorous, high fertility and gives average yields. For they fit more deep, rich calcareous soils at the foot of hills. Score high in cooler areas. Relatively resistant to cold and drought. Sensitive to rot. The bunch is small (90-95 g.), cylindrical-conical, sometimes with side loose to medium dense and concise. The berries are small, spherical, yellow-green with a golden hue on the sunny side, covered with a waxy coating and small brownish spots.
The meat is juicy, harmonious taste. The skin is thin, tough . Chardonnay is the most popular white grape variety in the world. Sugar content of grape juice is 18 to 22.9 g./ 100 ml., in acid 11,6- 8.2 g. / l.
Chardonnay is one of the dominant grapes in Burgundy, though Pinot noir vines outnumber it by nearly a three-to-one ratio. In addition to Chablis, Chardonnay is found in the Côte d’Or (largely in the Côte de Beaune), as well as the Côte Chalonnaise and Mâconnais.
From Chardonnay to make champagne wine materials and high quality white table wines which are distinguished by lightness, freshness, taste and harmonious fruit flavors. Aging in oak barrels gives the wine hints of vanilla, smoke and oak. Used as a variety Enhancer when making champagne wines.Top Brands champagne wines in France are made from a blend of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.